Aquarium guppies are super popular because you can keep them in a smaller tank and their bio-load is small. They also happen to be filled with bright colors making them beautiful and fun to watch. This site is a resource and community devoted to these awesome fish.
1. Beneficial Bacteria
The most important factor to keeping any aquarium fish is having an “established” setup. This means having good bacteria that has grown in your filter and throughout your tank. If your setting up a new aquarium you can jump start the cycle by grabbing some used filter pad from someone else’s established filter. Put that dirty pad in your filter and run it for a couple hours and you should be ready for fish.
Our favorite filters are the Penguin series filters made by Marineland. They are basically just like any other filter on the market EXCEPT they have a “bio-wheel” that bacteria grows on as it spins. What makes that bio-wheel so effective is that water is slowly running through it while mixing with oxygen. This creates a deadly combination for creating beneficial bacteria. These filters have been top sellers for decades and have amazing reviews.
2. Tropical Temperatures
Guppies are tropical fish and the water temperatures need to be in the mid 70s at minimum. When buying a heater figure on needing 5 watts of energy to heat 1 gallon of water. All Guppy fish call out for tropical water conditions of 74-82 degrees Fahrenheit. I hear about horror stories of heaters cracking and killing the fish… I always advise buying a descent name brand heater for that reason. Just look for a top rated or best seller.
3. Quality Food
Guppy fish are extremely easy to feed. Basic “tropical flakes” can be found at any pet store. BUT SOME brands of fish food are full of “fillers” and not very nutritional for fish. I highly advise buying one of the best brands of food. It will only be a couple dollars more in cost. I highly recommend Omega One brand.
4. Tankmates & Other Fish
The most common tankmates to keep with guppies are molly fish, platies, Gouramis, and other guppies. I hear of people keeping other fish with them but you just have to watch the fish carefully. The rules can always be bent at times with some fish but its safest to stick with same temperament fish.
5. Water Changes
Remember this fact for all of your fishkeeping **ALL AQUARIUMS need water changes. This means you need to change a descent amount of the water in your aquarium over a certain amount of time. This isn’t going to be an entire article on water changes… but just to state how important they are to your fish’s health. The easiest way to change water in a fish aquarium is to use an “Aqueon Water Changer” They hook up to your faucet and suck the water out while also pushing new water in! Completely awesome technology!
6. Clean the Gravel
When you clean your aquarium you should always clean the gravel. It’s so important because everything sinks to the bottom in fish tanks. By cleaning the bottom your getting rid of 90% of the waste. The most common method to cleaning gravel is to use a gravel vacuum.
7. No Flower Vases
No fish should ever have to live in a space so small. Most flower vases look large enough but they equate to around one gallon of water usually. Even though these fish are small and can be put into “smaller” tanks doesn’t mean a flower vase is going to be enough space. I always advise a 5 gallon minimum.
8. Use a Light
Guppies aren’t too picky on their lighting. I would only suggest that you buy a “plugin timer” for your light so that it can turn on and off at the same time everyday. A person tends to forget here and there to shut the light off and that causes irregularity in their habitat. Were trying to replicate their natural habitat remember and if the sun doesn’t rise that day… that isn’t healthy. The type of lighting isn’t a huge deal but I would definitely use a lighting source to help them and their visibility.
9. Breeder Box
If you plan on keeping the babies your fish have then you should use a breeder box. It’s a small plastic box that you put in the aquarium and it floats. As the babies fall out of the female during birth they fall into a small section of the box that larger fish can’t get into.
10. Rinse and Repeat
When you first buy fish it’s easy to keep your interest in keeping them. Over time you will loose some interest. Make sure that you are at least still properly caring for their water and tank maintenance.
Common Questions Asked:
How Large Do Guppies Grow?
Female guppies grow to 2 inches and the males are a bit smaller at around 1.5 inches. Their full size will vary depending on the genes, food, nutrition and more. They are known to be small fish and get pushed around in community tanks for that reason. Be careful of larger fish trying to eat guppies. Guppies are very small fish but pack a tremendous appearance.
How Many Guppies to Keep in 10 Gallon Aquarium?
For an experienced fish keeper, I would say you could keep anywhere from 10-15 guppies in 10 gallons of water. But because your a beginner, I would advise starting small. If you figure the general rule of thumb of 1 inch of fish per every gallon of water… that puts you at around 5-8 guppies. As you progress with experience, you can keep more in one tank.
Type of Water Needed? Do I Need Bottled Water?
Your pet store (or walmart) sells what is called “water conditioner” and you need to add this product to the water that comes out of the faucet in your household. What this conditioner does is make the water safe for the fish. Water that comes directly out of you home faucet has chemicals in it like chlorine and etc. Read this thread.
Female is Pregnant? What to Do?
It’s pretty common to come home and notice your female body looks a little different than before. That’s because she is pregnant and bearing new baby fry. Guppies are livebearers so the babies will come as livebearing fish and not eggs. Taking care of the female so that the new coming babies has a procedure. We have a great guide on pregnant females that have babies on the way too.
Chasing Each Other and Aggression?
Guppies are fast swimmers and they like to chase each other at times. It may seem like aggression but it’s pretty normal. Unless there are actual fins being nipped away.. then there isn’t any harm in it. Another case to beware of is NON-STOP chasing to where the fish never lets it end. What can also help to fix this is to heavily decorate your tank with plants and decor so that fish can run and hide from the bully.
How Can I Breed Guppies on My Own?
If you want to learn guppy fish breeding then you will need to set up a tank that separates the fry from the adults. You can buy guppy breeding tanks for your guppies, or you build one and this can be costumed done for a variety of objectives. What your objective is will determine some of the needs in equipment and supplies. You may decide to go to guppy breeders for the guppy fish information and to purchase fish breeding tanks, these tropical fish need care if you want healthy fish, so always try and find the best information for the breed of fish, in this case male guppy and female guppy fish.
You can start with minimal investment of time and equipment by purchasing a small breeding tank. This is a smaller plastic tank that fits in the top of your aquarium it has a V-shaped plastic “funnel”.
The female guppy is placed in the upper funnel portion when she is ready to give birth. The fry float down through the funnel but remain in the small tank enclosure separate and safe from the other adults that would eat them. They can be kept there until they are large enough to be safe.
The Results can be very rewarding. To go more in-depth in the breeding of guppies, you will want at least three tanks. The first tank would be the breeding and display tank. Adult guppies used for breeding would be kept in this tank. A ten gallon tank would do, but twenty is better. Male guppies can be very persistent in their attempts at mating a female guppy, especially when they are expecting can be stressed by this persistence. For this reason it is better to have at least two females for every male guppy. Keep in mind that you do not want to overcrowd the fish either. There is the basic rule of thumb of one inch of fish per gallon of water. It is usually safer to stick with the minimum number of fish for healthy reproduction of the guppy breeders.
The native Guppy habitats are found in South and Central America where Guppies inhabit freshwater as well as brackish environment. The Guppy has been introduced to several other parts of the world by man to control mosquito populations.
In Asia, Guppies have been deliberately introduced to many regions in an effort to decrease the amount of mosquito growth.
The Guppy is often called the “million fish” because of rate at it which they breed. Guppies are known as livebearers and this means they do give live birth to their young. A female can lay eggs up to three different times on one same sperm fertilization. Each and every pregnancy laying up to a couple hundred baby fry. This makes for very quick reproducing numbers for these fish. Even though the lifespan is not as entailed as some larger fish, they do make up in large numbers of population.
The Guppy is one of the most popular aquarium fish due to it’s easy living habitat and cosmetic beauty. Guppies give off small bio-load and waste levels so they make for a tremendous pet fish. Not two Guppies have the same coloration or design. The wide variety of hybrid breeds make these fish super popular.
These small beautiful fish can be kept in community tanks. Just make sure these tanks are tropical fish with heated water. You will need an aquarium heater for these setups. Check our top 20 questions posted below. Submit any questions you have for new threads here.
In the aquarium trade, you will find a broad selection of different Guppy types. You can for instance get Fantail guppy, Mosaic guppy, Veiltail guppy, Grass guppy, Lacetail guppy, Bottom and Double swordtail guppy, Lyretail guppy, Snakeskin guppy, Flagtail guppy, Peacock guppy, Long fin guppy, King Cobra guppy, Red tail guppy, Fancy guppy, Triangle tail guppy, Rounded guppy, Glass guppy and Tuxedo guppy. Guppies come in many different colors, including green, red and blue.
Guppies are often found in community aquariums, but Guppies with long and flowing fins can be harassed by fin-nippers and should not be combined with such fishes. The popular Mollies are for instance renowned for nipping fins. Guppies should ideally be kept in groups in a well planted aquarium since this will make them less shy and reduce the amount of stress. The recommended water temperature for Guppy is 75-85° F and the pH level should ideally be from 6.8 to 7.6.
Guppies are often over-fed by inexperienced aquarists since Guppies quickly learn how to beg for food at the surface. Restrict the feedings to once or twice a day and remove any food that has not been eaten within 5 minutes. Over feeding can cause health problems in Guppy and will also have an adverse effect on the water quality.
A high-quality flake food will provide your Guppies with a good dietary base, but flakes should ideally be combined with other types of food to create a more varied diet. You can for instance give your Guppies live brine shrimp, since brine shrimp is very easy to raise at home in a jar. Chopped up earthworms will also be highly appreciated.
Have Anything to Add?
Posted by Delilah:
Ok, so here is the story: Lemon Drop was in labor, so I figured I would make a video for the site. I started filming, and saw (and you can see too, in the video) her have one baby guppy fry that swam off. Second, after another push, a baby that was still in its egg casing (they usually break out of the egg after a second or two, so that is normal) popped out, and I did not notice anything special (until later). I use an air pump with a sponge filter in my fry tanks.
I kept filming, and just after the end of the video, I saw that two of the babies sitting at the bottom of the breeder looked different, like they were stuck together. I got close to the glass and realized that it was two babies- kind of. There were two heads, but just one body. It was a two- headed baby guppy fry, and it was alive! On a side note: has anyone ever kept snails as tank mates? Like Nerite snails or other types?
I gave my betta a good name for him (I was guessing that it was a him, couldn’t tell yet) Cerberus, as Cerberus was the first multi- headed creature I thought of. I know, the legendary Cerberus had three heads, and was a dog, but it is still a fitting name.
Cerberus is still alive, several months later. He is a bit smaller than the other guppy fish from the same batch (not much), but he is growing and seems just as happy as all the other guppies. So now you know! I will post that video as soon as I can get my darn computer running again!
Posted by Wayne:
For several years now guppy fish breeding is still one of the greatest things about the aquarium hobby that it never grows old-even when we do. ever since I first had a livebearer give birth in my tanks, and it is still a thrill. Oh, maybe not quite the same thrill when my guppies or Endlcr’s drop fry, though it’s still a marvel, Those tigers are one of the first-time species I’ve acquired in the last year.
On a light hearted note a questioned was raised: A question from a 9 year old hobbyist asks- I have a 10-gallon guppy aquarium. Can you please tell me why the fish in an aquarium don’t bump into the glass all the time? Can they sec it somehow?
Well, fish don’t actually see the glass with their eves, but they can sense that it’s there. If you look very closely at one of your guppies, you’ll notice that it has a line running along each side of its body. This is called a lateral line, and it is made up of tiny sensory pores that help fish feel what’s going on around then. What the lateral line actually does is sense pressure changes in the water-even vei), small ones-such as those caused by another fish swimming close by or a fishs own swimming vibrations bouncing back from hard objects (like roclzs or the glass walls of an aquarium). Have you ever wondered how schooling fish are able to swim so close together and move quickly as a group in different directions without bumping into one another? That’s the lateral line at work!
Posted by Hung Yiane:
Keeping fish looks very easy, and it is but we are taking the fish out of their natural environment, so we have to re-create that area for them to live a health life. The water has to be kept clean with the correct filtration and the right temperature has to be kept. The choice isn’t so important for the adult guppy, but for the fry however the filtration is a very much different. The guide explains why a sponge type filtration is the best rather than others.